Creating a hover triggered text weight animation in Next Js / React - with source code

Creating a hover triggered text weight animation in Next Js / React - with source code

Oct 26, 2023ยท

3 min read

We will be creating a NextJs component that receives a string as a prop & animates it, Code below ๐Ÿ‘‡

Note: Use Variable fonts to get seamless animation. Mona Sans is used for this example

As a bonus, We will be using Framer motion & Tailwind CSS to trigger a letter-by-letter slide-in animation

Animated Text Component Structure

  1. Letters Reference: The lettersRef is created using the useRef hook to store references to the individual letter elements in the text.

  2. Mouse Interaction Effect: An useEffect hook is used to set up a mouse movement interaction effect. It listens for mouse movements to change the font properties of each letter based on their proximity to the mouse cursor.

    • The handleMouseMove function calculates the proximity of each letter to the mouse and modifies font properties such as fontWeight and fontVariationSettings accordingly.

    • The effect adds a mousemove event listener to trigger the interaction and remove it when the component unmounts.

  3. Rendering Animated Text: The component renders the animated text.

    • We split the input text into an array of individual letters and maps over them.

    • Each letter is wrapped in a motion.h1 element, making use of Framer Motion for animation.

    • The animation includes initial opacity and y-position, and a delay is applied to each letter for a staggered entrance effect.

    • The exit transition is defined to control how the letters disappear while it gets unmounted

  4. Export: The AnimatedText component is exported for use in other parts of the application.

    "use client";  // NextJs will need this, React users feel free to  remove this

    import React, { useRef, useEffect } from "react";
    import { motion, AnimatePresence} from "framer-motion";

    const AnimatedText = ({ text }) => {
        const lettersRef = useRef([]);  // Create a reference for the letters

        useEffect(() => {
            // This effect sets up mouse movement interaction for the letters.
            const handleMouseMove = (e) => {
                // Handle mouse movement to change font properties based on proximity to the mouse.
                lettersRef.current.forEach((letter, index) => {
                    if (letter) {
                        const rect = letter.getBoundingClientRect();
                        const dx = e.clientX - (rect.left + rect.width / 2);
                        const dy = e.clientY - ( + rect.height / 2);
                        const distance = Math.sqrt(dx * dx + dy * dy);
                        const maxDistance = 150;  // Maximum distance for interaction (feel free adjust this).
                        const proximity = Math.max(0, maxDistance - distance) / maxDistance;

                        // Modify the font properties based on proximity to the mouse.
               = `${300 + proximity * 1000}`;
               = `"wdth" ${20 * proximity + 100}`;

            // Add a mousemove event listener to trigger the interaction.
            window.addEventListener("mousemove", handleMouseMove);

            // Clean up the event listener when the component unmounts.
            return () => {
                window.removeEventListener("mousemove", handleMouseMove);
        }, []);

        return (
            <AnimatePresence mode='wait'>
                {text.split("").map((letter, index) => (
                        initial={{ opacity: 0, y: 30 }}
                            opacity: 1,
                            y: 0,
                            transition: { duration: 0.8, delay: index * 0.1 }, {/*creating a staggered slide-in effect*/}
                        exit={{ opacity: 0 }}
                        transition={{ duration: 0.3 }}
                        className="inline-block transition-all duration-100 delay-[-30ms] whitespace-nowrap"
                        ref={(el) => (lettersRef.current[index] = el)}

    export default AnimatedText;


import AnimatedText from '../path-to-the-component'
const App = () => {
            <AnimatedText text={'Devignx Studio'}/>

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